The Slope System of Traffic Design an Architecture to Agreement Regional Traffic Design and Sustainable Landscape
Traffic is more problem in Urban city and development country, the Livable communities an especially are landscape design to promote social inclusion and the modern country as Germany or Indonesia. Manual the people who live in there. Transport is vital to mobility as a place maker and public policy it can important about concrete decision of transform the public traffic domain, activate centers and unlock new public transport and commercial public transport to agreement or housing developments, surround these public transportation. As the concept of general about traffic lines needs renewing exiting neighborhood and spaces. The best places take time and strong partnerships to develop and flourish. Integrated land use and transport planing in those country can activities public spaces, corridors and network and positively impact the delivery of health, education and local government services. Because the transportation can improve the livability and character of places beside culture and model spirits of the city across in the state, achieve wider benefits from investment and encourage more desirable pattern of development.
Transport accounts for over 70 percent of the state’s on general, increasingly however, the total energy consumption and growing share of total public infrastructure investment. While growing transport investments is critical to the Germany of communities, I try to choose one city of Munich and Jakarta otherwise unsustainable investment decision risk deteriorating the government budget position and its ability to respond to community needs in good traffic, modern and effective from other critical service.
As significant emitter of green house gases, transport also has role in operating in a more sustainable way to limit environmental impacts and contribute to Germany government’s, but Indonesian too more an effectiveness gas and too much consumption and pollution because of limit controls. An inspirational target to achieve net zero emissions by 2050 in the world trades. Long term planning ensures the delivery of more with less, while the maximize the benefits of planned investment and improve the emissions intensity and environmental costs. The economical traffic of system is economically and environmentally sustainable, affordable for costumer and support emission reductions.
An affordable lines system that is responsive to change as the public transport traditional to modern that is responsive to change. As the public transport network grow immediately enough. In Indonesia start from `Ojek online`, they are like as public transportation by motorcycle but service by online and networking, new service and infrastructure will be need to meet demand. Investing in the future network while maintenance, innovation and commercial focus on asset management. Supporting more environmental sustainable travel moving people private vehicles to more sustainable transport modes will reduce congestion and the transport sector’s emission intensity, improve energy quality and support better service and lines.
Well planed centers and cities, will enable a shift from private cars to public transport and active transport modes such as walking and cycling. In München they key into this will be the delivery three 30 minute cities, support by reliable turn up and go must transit service. Managing the transport system`s cost effective transition to a low emission environment and managing its climate change risk will also help deliver the government’s climate change policy framework and its aspiration target of zero emission by 2050.
The transport network’s physical asset will be built and maintained to a standard to country`s extreme weather like as European and tropic level rise with conditional damage and disruption to network functionality landscape increase to Indonesia are inherently intelligent, the traffic lines that comprise have their own individual behaviors, logic and reasoning that allow these system ( landscape ) and the physical real time manipulation of environment. We have not discussion only about the public background system but also the technology background of human to create the agreement virtualization traffic history, refers to the removal of landscape data thought connectivity and response. While metaphorical, in this context the concept of intelligent in landscape refers to feedback loop between virtualization of a system ( landscape ) and the physical real time manipulation of an environment. Virtualization refers to the removal of landscape data through sensing and monitoring and reacting landscape as an artifact of processing or reaction. Goal are integral benchmark in the design architecture for this research, an outcome that designer and engineer attempt to match or calibrate toward without goal there is no known outcome iteration relies on the moment there is history to repeat.
Why I choose slope system as theme are contribution to lines and traffic system? Sloop different to gear theory and mechanic technology, but they have same used are footed wheels which have been used for about 3000 years to transmit circular motion or rotational force (forge) form one part of machine to another. Today gears are used in most machinery, and they range in size from the tiny gears in watch machismo to giant 100 t diameter gears in radar antennas. The sun or central gear masks with there planet gears. The depth about slope is affected the stability over flows particularly sensitive to spatial variations in the landscape of building. All the planet gears also mesh with an internal `ring` gear there different gear ration can be obtain need in an epic-cyclic gear train by a clutch system with prevents the rotation of either the sun gear, the eternal gear, or the arm which is attache to the three planet gears through bearing. So in the mountain wind system a slope winds along valley winds, cross valley wind or mountain wind system often slope flows to be stronger and deeper than used another system.
Geometric design deals with the dimensions of the visible feature of a facility such as aliment sight distances, widths, slopes and grades as distinguished from structural design which deals with thickness, materials, and load carrying. The basic concepts from graph theory of geometric design is a pair (V,E) where V is nonempty finite set of vertices and E is a ( possibly empty ) set of edges. Where by an edge we mean a subset of V of size (exactly 2). The simple indicate that the graph has neither parallel edges not self -loops, that is, E is a proper set – rather than a multi-set and none of its elements has size 1.
N (S) = U N (u) U element S
Geometric features of highway are designed to provide operational area for the safe, economic. Safety is a primary requirement and must be considered as a vital factor in all designs.
Normal Cross of Slope
Selection of proper cross slope depends upon speed creature relations. Vehicle characteristics, curves (superelevation) reference 1-026. Cross slope on tangent and flat carves depends on tangets and flat carves depends primarily on curb requirements, vehicle operational characteristics and general weather conditions.
Rane for rate of cross slope for classified roads and streets shown in tables 1 and 2 were selected on the basis of information where two or more lanes are inchined in the same direction on class a road direction on class a roads and streets each successive lane outward from the crownline shall have an increased cross slope. The line should have the minimum lane shall be increased 1/16 in per foot. Rane like as makes innovative analog and digital audio product for DJS and commercial installer.
Vegetation and Landscape from detention basin. Vegetation in basic ensures erosion control and sediment entrapment. The choice of vegetation locally dependent as basin slope are usually planted with tentative grasses. The button is subject to sediment deposition and frequent inundation thus could be lined with marshy vegetation riparian shrub, low weeds on gravel.
Traffic Lanes, no features of a road or street is more important in geometric design than the traffic lane width. Safety, driver comfort, capacity and maintenance cost are directly affected by line width safety, driver comfort, capacity and maintenance cost are directly affected by lane width proper consideration must given to each of these item when selecting traffic – lane width.
It is policy of department of defense to provide off street parking facilities at military installation lieu of hider streets required for on street parking
European has unique and spirit character building, manual those country more building rebuilt at new technology after the world war in Germany. The infrastructure was doing well especially Munich city. S urban ( S ) city. Munich may different with another city in Germany. The heritage and old building as castile seen around the city.
This capital country is covered with residential and commercial histories moreover the north Jakarta, that are densely burrowed into the territory and which make any alterations in the built and social environment difficult. There are also areas of substantial decline and disinterest as money and business move further toward the southern and western edges of the crowded city.
Slope Design traffic Landscape Methodology
1. The case study of agreement
2. Investigation strategy
3. Landscape design
1. The Case Study of Agreement
The common goal of architectural slope research is to understand the relationship between gears system and building alternations and to match these with archived data. The investigation focused on gaining insight into the building process of traffic and acquiring knowledge of the slope process building and true materials used to achieve the intended visual impression.
this focused can be useful for making conservation decision for international studies comparing slope working of traffic and working methods and presenting also, long lost knowledge to a new object and materials also. Traffic not only about the problem of design but also the traffic can be impact to directly for people and economic in two country (Indonesia and Germany), thus sampling for laboratory analysis should be kept to minimum, the investigation strategy used here was basic on systematic procedure consisting of context and identification building steps with clear decisions points. Each step involved different activities and outcomes.
2. The Sampling Investigation Strategy
Based on the assessment of steps a limited of number samples were taken for laboratory material and stop identifications of traffic because the building need sampling for cross action studies was reduced. The sampling could be focused on investigating the materials used in the first original data, which was the primary aim of an investigation from four concepts:
1. Concept the city
2. Concept of Slope design
3. Concept to Development science and activities
4. Conclusion remarks
3. Landscape Design
Building fabric acts as boundary and to large extent is a controlled environment this modelling in the context is controlled environment this modelling in the context of urban design of tropic, in the case of the traffic, a modelling discrepancy arises due to lack of both and an understanding of human activities in the streets.
Although these models are developed and widely used by engineers, the nature of modern traffic architectural constancy has led to the integration of these specialist into the early stage design process, some architect integrate environmental modelling into the design process because of their design philosophy approach their used some models.
Slope system has been used many materials like as bamboo, metal like as chromium, copper, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, tungsten etc. The street rarely used asphalt – paved areas when the temperature up 4 Celsius. The city two squares which are connected by a via park. The city and its urban grid were oriented diagonal; in radiation to the coast’ side street present element `s of light and shadow transition, linking the in and the out.
Concretes massive and monolithic quality result from mixture of Portland cement, water and aggregate 9 usually made up of crushed stone or gravel and a fine sand. That as a material is strong is compression and when enhanced by steel reinforcement it can also have great tensile strength.
How to know about material composition
First, long construction is one of the oldest building construction methods in history and was used not only for dwelling but also for other structure such as character an example tower or bridges, long construction is characterized by its corner joints that interlock with a dovetail or cross – lap connection these joint were historically carved by hand, though in long hour `kits` today they are precisely cut by machinery to archive uniformity and economy
Second palace, timber frame constructions is built strong by strong with sills, posts, beams and struts erected at each level. This method historically consisted of oversize hand made mortise and tenant joints in which a large portion of the interacting wood member are subtracted to fit one inside of the other.
The third, platform framing involving using wood members that continue through two or more stories in height. The roof and floor members attack to continuous members on studs running from sill to roof. framing is a flow by floor process traditionally used for building`s so higher than there are stories and wood constructions.
Fourth, water or oil base preservation, have the wood odor less and ready to be pointed and do not teach out of leak into the environment. Which a high toxic may after the color of wood but can be pointed to offer this, and the last is creosote preservation a usually used in marine and saltwater applications, they give the wood a dark colored only surface and strong the odor that remain for along period time.
Tradition Roof with Bamboo
Building`s fabric acts as boundary and to large extent is a controlled environment, this modelling in the context of urban design of tropics, in the case of traffic, a modelling discrepancy arises due to lack of both and an understanding of human activities in the streets. Although these models are developed and widely used by engineers, the nature of modern traffic architectural consistency has led to the integration of these specialist into the early stage design process. Some architect integrate environmental modelling into the design process because of their design philosophy